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The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures
located in Egypt. There have been 138 pyramids discovered in Egypt
as of 2008. Most were built as tombs for the country's Pharaohs and
their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.
The earliest known Egyptian pyramids are found at Saqqara, northwest
of Memphis. The earliest among these is the Pyramid of Djoser
(constructed 2630 BCE–2611 BCE) which was built during the third
dynasty. This pyramid and its surrounding complex were designed by
the architect Imhotep, and are generally considered to be the
world's oldest monumental structures constructed of dressed masonry.
The most famous Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the
outskirts of Cairo. Several of the Giza pyramids are counted among
the largest structures ever built. The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is
the largest Egyptian pyramid. It is the only one of the Seven
Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence.
The shape of Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the
primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the earth was
created. The shape of a pyramids is thought to be representative of
the descending rays of the sun, and most pyramids were faced with
polished, highly reflective white limestone, in order to give them a
brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance. Pyramids were
often also named in ways that referred to solar luminescence. For
example, the formal name of the Bent Pyramid at Dahshur The Southern
Shining Pyramid, and that of Senwosret at el-Lahun was Senwosret is
While it is generally agreed that pyramids were burial monuments,
there is continued disagreement on the particular theological
principles that might have given rise to them. One theory is that
they were designed as a type of "resurrection machine."
The Egyptians believed the dark area of the night sky around which
the stars appear to revolve was the physical gateway into the
heavens. One of the narrow shafts that extends from the main burial
chamber through the entire body of the Great Pyramid points directly
towards the center of this part of the sky. This suggests the
pyramid may have been designed to serve as a means to magically
launch the deceased pharaoh's soul directly into the abode of the
All Egyptian pyramids were built on the west bank of the Nile, which
as the site of the setting sun was associated with the realm of the
dead in Egyptian mythology.
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pyramid videos click here.